Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) and the rules and regulations of the SEC.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. For example, significant estimates, judgments and assumptions were required in a number of areas, including, but not limited to, estimating the fair value of the investment properties as of the Effective Date, determining the useful lives of real estate properties, determination of the incremental borrowing rate in ground leases, reasonably certain lease terms for ground and master leases, and evaluating the impairment of long-lived assets.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Trust, as well as all wholly owned subsidiaries of the Trust. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Wholly owned subsidiaries consist of limited liability companies and limited partnerships. The Trust has evaluated the fee arrangements with the Trustee and Manager to determine if they represent a variable interest, and concluded that the fee arrangements do not create a variable interest.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the quarterly periods ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 and the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 (the “Reporting Periods”). These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Trust's audited Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the“10-K”), as certain disclosures in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the
quarterly period ended June 30, 2023 that would duplicate those included in the 10-K are not included in these consolidated financial statements.

Impairment of Investment Properties
The Trust’s investment properties are reviewed for potential impairment at the end of each reporting period or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. At such evaluation date, the Trust separately determines whether impairment indicators exist for each property. Examples of situations considered to be impairment indicators include, but are not limited to:
a significant change in the credit quality of tenant;
a reduction in anticipated holding period;
a significant decrease in market price; and
any other quantitative or qualitative events or factors deemed significant by the Trust’s management.
If the presence of one or more impairment indicators as described above is identified on an evaluation date or at any point throughout the year with respect to a property, the asset is tested for recoverability by comparing its carrying value to the estimated future undiscounted cash flows. An investment property is considered impaired when the estimated future undiscounted cash flows are less than its current carrying value. When performing a test for recoverability or estimating the fair value of an impaired investment property, the Trust makes certain complex or subjective assumptions that include, but are not limited to:
projected operating cash flows considering factors such as vacancy rates, rental rates, lease terms, tenant financial strength, competitive positioning and property location;
estimated holding period or various potential holding periods when considering probability-weighted scenarios;
projected capital expenditures and lease origination costs;
estimated interest and internal costs expected to be capitalized;
projected cash flows from the anticipated or eventual disposition of an operating property;
comparable selling prices; and
property-specific capitalization rates and discount rates.
To the extent impairment has occurred, the Trust will record an impairment charge calculated as the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its estimated fair value. For the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, no impairment charge was recorded.
Investment Properties Held for Sale

In determining whether to classify an investment property as held for sale, the Trust considers whether (i) management has committed to a plan to sell the investment property, (ii) the investment property is available for immediate sale in its present condition, subject only to terms that are usual and customary, (iii) the Trust has a legally enforceable contract that has been executed and the buyer's due diligence period, if any, has expired, and (iv) actions required for the Trust to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that any significant changes will be made.
If all of the above criteria are met, the Trust classifies the investment property as held for sale. When these criteria are met, the Trust (i) suspends depreciation (including depreciation for tenant improvements and building improvements) and amortization of in-place lease intangibles and any above or below market lease intangibles and (ii) records the investment property held for sale at the lower of carrying value or estimated fair value. The assets and liabilities associated with investment properties that are classified as held for sale are presented separately on the consolidated balance sheets for the most recent reporting period.
As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no properties classified as held for sale.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Trust maintains its cash and cash equivalents at major financial institutions. At June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, cash equivalents consisted of investments in money market instruments. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $33,942 and $48,922 as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. The cash and cash equivalents balance at one or more of these financial institutions exceeds the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance coverage. The Trust periodically assesses the credit risk associated with these financial institutions and believes that the risk of loss is remote. While the Trust did not have any accounts with any recently failed financial institution, nor has it experienced any losses to date on its cash and cash equivalents held in bank accounts, there is no assurance that financial institutions in which we hold our cash and cash equivalents will not fail, in which case we may be subject to a risk of loss or delay in accessing all or a portion of our funds exceeding the FDIC insurance coverage, which could adversely impact our short-term liquidity, ability to operate our business, and financial performance.

Lease Income and Accounts Receivable
The Trust accounts for leases under the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 842. The Trust commenced recognition of lease income on its Master Leases (as discussed in Note 4) as of the Effective Date. In most cases, revenue recognition under a lease begins when the lessee takes possession or controls the physical use of the leased asset. Generally, this occurs on the lease commencement date. Lease income for leases that have fixed and measurable rent escalations, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of each lease. The difference between such lease income earned and the cash rent due under the provisions of a lease is recorded as straight-line rent receivable or payable and is included as a component of “Accounts receivable” in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
At lease commencement, the Trust estimated that collectibility was probable for the Master Leases due to the creditworthiness analysis performed. Throughout the lease term, individual leases are assessed for collectibility and upon the determination that the collection of rents over the remaining lease life is not probable, lease income is adjusted such that it is recognized on the cash basis of accounting. The Trust will remove the cash basis designation and resume recording lease income from such tenant on an accrual basis when the Trust believes that the collection of rent over the remaining lease term is probable and, generally, based upon a demonstrated payment history. For the Reporting Periods, lease income is accounted for on the accrual basis of accounting. As of June 30, 2023, lease payments of $8,518 received in advance under the terms of the Master Leases are included in "Other liabilities" in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and will be recognized as lease income in July 2023. As of December 31, 2022, lease payments of $8,555 received in advance under the terms of the Master Leases are included in "Other liabilities" in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and were recognized as lease income in January 2023.
The Trust records all changes in uncollectible lease income as an adjustment to “Lease income” in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. During the Reporting Periods, there was no uncollectible lease income.
Right-of-use Lease Assets and Lease Liabilities
The Trust was assigned an interest as lessee of land under 23 non-cancellable ground leases with third party landlords which were classified as operating leases on the Effective Date. As of June 30, 2023, the Trust held an interest as lessee of land under 21 non-cancellable ground leases. Rental expense associated with land that the Trust leases under non-cancellable operating leases is recorded on a straight-line basis over the term of each lease. In accordance with the Master Lease, rental expense associated with land is paid directly by Penney Intermediate Holdings LLC and is included in “Lease income” in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations (see Note 4).
On the Effective Date, the Trust recognized right-of-use ("ROU") lease assets and lease liabilities for long-term ground leases. The lease liability is calculated by discounting future lease payments by the Trust’s incremental borrowing rate, which is determined through consideration of (i) the Trust’s entity-specific risk premium, (ii)
observable market interest rates and (iii) lease term. The ROU asset is initially measured as the same amount as the lease liability and presented net of the Trust’s existing straight-line ground rent liabilities and ground lease intangible liability. The lease liability is amortized based on changes in the value of discounted future lease payments and the ROU asset is amortized by the difference in the straight-line lease expense for the period and the change in value of the lease liability.
The Trust does not include option terms in its future lease payments where they are not reasonably certain to be exercised, however all option terms were considered to be reasonably certain of being exercised through the initial term of the Master Lease. The Trust has elected not to separate lease and non-lease components for operating leases.
Income Taxes
The Trust is intended to qualify as a liquidating trust within the meaning of United States Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-4(d) or, in the event it is not so treated, a partnership other than a partnership taxable as a corporation under Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
The Trust records a benefit, based on the GAAP measurement criteria, for uncertain income tax positions if the result of a tax position meets a “more likely than not” recognition threshold. All tax returns remain subject to examination by federal and various state tax jurisdictions. As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no uncertain tax positions and the balance of unrecognized tax benefits was $0.
Segment Reporting

The Trust’s chief operating decision makers, which are comprised of its Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, assess and measure the operating results of the Trust’s portfolio of properties based on net operating income and do not differentiate properties by geography, market, size or type. Each of the Trust’s investment properties is considered a separate operating segment, as each property earns revenue and incurs expenses, operating results are individually reviewed and discrete financial information is available. However, the Trust’s properties are aggregated into one reportable segment because (i) the properties have similar economic characteristics, (ii) the Trust provides similar services to its tenants and (iii) the Trust’s chief operating decision makers evaluate the collective performance of its properties.