SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. For example, significant estimates, judgments and assumptions were required in a number of areas, including, but not limited to, estimating the fair value of the investment properties as of the Effective Date, determining the useful lives of real estate properties, determination of the incremental borrowing rate in ground leases, reasonably certain lease terms for ground and master leases, and evaluating the impairment of long-lived assets.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Trust, as well as all wholly owned subsidiaries of the Trust. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Wholly owned subsidiaries consist of limited liability companies and limited partnerships. The Trust has evaluated the fee arrangements with the Trustee and Manager to determine if they represent a variable interest, and concluded that the fee arrangements do not create a variable interest.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022 and the period from January 30, 2021 to March 31, 2021 (the “Reporting Periods”). These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Trust's audited Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period from the Effective Date to December 31, 2021 (the “10-K”), as certain disclosures in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022 that would duplicate those included in the 10-K are not included in these consolidated financial statements.
Fresh Start Accounting and Investment Properties
The Trust determined the fresh start accounting fair value of the investment properties based upon the fair value of the individual assets and liabilities assumed as of the Effective Date, which generally included (i) land and land
improvements, (ii) building and other improvements, (iii) in-place lease intangibles, (iv) above and below market lease intangibles and (v) leasehold right-of-use assets and related operating lease liabilities.
In estimating the fair value of tangible assets, including land and improvements, building and other improvements for fresh start accounting, as of the Effective Date, the Trust considered available comparable market and industry information. The Trust allocated a portion of the fair value to the estimated in-place lease intangibles based on estimated lease execution costs for similar leases as well as lost rental payments during an assumed lease-up period. The Trust also evaluated each lease as compared to current market rates. If a lease was determined to be above or below market, the Trust allocated a portion of the fair value to such above or below market leases based upon the present value of the difference between the contractual lease payments and estimated market rent payments over the remaining lease term. Renewal periods were included within the lease term in the calculation of above and below market lease values if, based upon factors known at the Effective Date, the Trust concluded that market participants would consider it reasonably certain that the lessee would exercise such options. Fair value estimates used in fresh start accounting, including the capitalization rates and discount rate used, required the Trust to consider various factors, including, but not limited to, market knowledge, demographics, age and physical condition of the property, geographic location, size and location of tenant spaces within the investment properties, and tenant profile.
The portion of the fair value allocated to in-place lease intangibles is amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the related lease as a component of depreciation and amortization expense.
With respect to leases in which the Trust is the lessor, the portion of fair value allocated to above and below market lease intangibles is amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the related lease as an adjustment to lease income.
With respect to ground leases (in which the Trust is the lessee), a lease liability is measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments and the right-of-use lease (ROU) asset is initially measured as the same amount as the lease liability and adjusted for any above or below market ground lease intangibles. All options terms were assumed to be exercised through the initial term of the Master Lease.
On the Effective Date, the Trust assumed a liability of $8,651 related to transaction costs. Such costs were required to be incurred in order for the emergence from bankruptcy to take place, and are therefore considered pre-emergence costs (costs incurred prior to the change in control). This assumed liability decreased the net assets of the Trust by $8,651 as of the Effective Date.
Ordinary repairs and maintenance will be expensed as incurred. Expenditures for significant improvements will be capitalized.
Depreciation expense is computed using the straight-line method. Building and other improvements are depreciated based upon estimated useful lives which range from 19 to 43 years for building and other improvements and 6 to 10 years for land improvements. Tenant improvements not considered a component of the building are amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the estimated remaining useful life of the asset or the term of the lease.
Impairment of Investment Properties
The Trust’s investment properties are reviewed for potential impairment at the end of each reporting period or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. At such evaluation date, the Trust separately determines whether impairment indicators exist for each property. Examples of situations considered to be impairment indicators include, but are not limited to:
•a substantial decline in occupancy rate or cash flow;
•expected significant declines in occupancy in the near future;
•continued difficulty in leasing space;
•a significant change in the credit quality of tenant;
•a reduction in anticipated holding period;
•a significant decrease in market price; and
•any other quantitative or qualitative events or factors deemed significant by the Trust’s management.
If the presence of one or more impairment indicators as described above is identified on an evaluation date or at any point throughout the year with respect to a property, the asset is tested for recoverability by comparing its carrying value to the estimated future undiscounted cash flows. An investment property is considered impaired when the estimated future undiscounted cash flows are less than its current carrying value. When performing a test for recoverability or estimating the fair value of an impaired investment property, the Trust makes certain complex or subjective assumptions that include, but are not limited to:
•projected operating cash flows considering factors such as vacancy rates, rental rates, lease terms, tenant financial strength, competitive positioning and property location;
•estimated holding period or various potential holding periods when considering probability-weighted scenarios;
•projected capital expenditures and lease origination costs;
•estimated interest and internal costs expected to be capitalized;
•projected cash flows from the anticipated or eventual disposition of an operating property;
•comparable selling prices; and
•property-specific capitalization rates and discount rates.
To the extent impairment has occurred, the Trust will record an impairment charge calculated as the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its estimated fair value.
Investment Properties Held for Sale
In determining whether to classify an investment property as held for sale, the Trust considers whether (i) management has committed to a plan to sell the investment property, (ii) the investment property is available for immediate sale in its present condition, subject only to terms that are usual and customary, (iii) the Trust has a legally enforceable contract that has been executed and the buyer's due diligence period, if any, has expired, and (iv) actions required for the Trust to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that any significant changes will be made.
If all of the above criteria are met, the Trust classifies the investment property as held for sale. When these criteria are met, the Trust (i) suspends depreciation (including depreciation for tenant improvements and building improvements) and amortization of in-place lease intangibles and any above or below market lease intangibles and (ii) records the investment property held for sale at the lower of carrying value or estimated fair value. The assets and liabilities associated with investment properties that are classified as held for sale are presented separately on the consolidated balance sheets for the most recent reporting period.
As of December 31, 2021, the Trust classified one Retail Property as held for sale. This Retail Property was sold in January 2022, and as of March 31, 2022, no properties met the criteria for held for sale classification.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Trust maintains its cash and cash equivalents at major financial institutions. At March 31, 2022, cash equivalents consisted of investments in money market instruments. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $34,343 and $627,522 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The cash and cash equivalents balance at one or more of these financial institutions exceeds the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance coverage. The Trust periodically assesses the credit risk associated with these financial institutions and believes that the risk of loss is remote.
Lease Income and Accounts Receivable
The Trust accounts for leases under the provisions of ASC 842. The Trust commenced recognition of lease income on its Master Leases (as discussed in Note 4) as of the Effective Date. In most cases, revenue recognition under a lease begins when the lessee takes possession or controls the physical use of the leased asset. Generally, this occurs
on the lease commencement date. Lease income for leases that have fixed and measurable rent escalations, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of each lease. The difference between such lease income earned and the cash rent due under the provisions of a lease is recorded as straight-line rent receivable and is included as a component of “Accounts receivable” in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
At lease commencement, the Trust estimated that collectibility was probable for the Master Leases due to the creditworthiness analysis performed. Throughout the lease term, individual leases are assessed for collectibility and upon the determination that the collection of rents over the remaining lease life is not probable, lease income is adjusted such that it is recognized on the cash basis of accounting. The Trust will remove the cash basis designation and resume recording lease income from such tenants on an accrual basis when the Trust believes that the collection of rent over the remaining lease term is probable and, generally, based upon a demonstrated payment history. As of March 31, 2022, lease income is being accounted for on the accrual basis of accounting. Lease payments of $9,218, which were received in advance under the terms of the Master Leases are included in "Other liabilities" in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2022 and will be recognized as lease income in April 2022. As of December 31, 2021, lease payments of $9,320 were received in advance under the terms of the Master Leases and recognized as lease income in January 2022.
The Trust records all changes in uncollectible lease income as an adjustment to “Lease income” in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. During the Reporting Periods, there was no uncollectible lease income.
Right-of-use Lease Assets and Lease Liabilities
The Trust was assigned an interest as lessee of land under 23 non-cancellable ground leases with third party landlords which were classified as operating leases on the Effective Date. As of March 31, 2022, the Trust held an interest as lessee of land under 22 non-cancellable ground leases. Rental expense associated with land that the Trust leases under non-cancellable operating leases is recorded on a straight-line basis over the term of each lease. In accordance with the Master Lease, rental expense associated with land is paid directly by New JCP and is included in “Lease income” in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations (see Note 4).
On the Effective Date, the Trust recognized ROU lease assets and lease liabilities for long-term ground leases. The lease liability is calculated by discounting future lease payments by the Trust’s incremental borrowing rate, which is determined through consideration of (i) the Trust’s entity-specific risk premium, (ii) observable market interest rates and (iii) lease term. The ROU asset is initially measured as the same amount as the lease liability and presented net of the Trust’s existing straight-line ground rent liabilities and ground lease intangible liability. The lease liability is amortized based on changes in the value of discounted future lease payments and the ROU asset is amortized by the difference in the straight-line lease expense for the period and the change in value of the lease liability.
The Trust does not include option terms in its future lease payments where they are not reasonably certain to be exercised, however all options terms were considered to be reasonably certain of being exercised through the initial term of the Master Lease. The Trust has elected not to separate lease and non-lease components for operating leases.
The Trust is intended to qualify as a liquidating trust within the meaning of United States Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-4(d) or, in the event it is not so treated, a partnership other than a partnership taxable as a corporation under Section 7704 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
The Trust records a benefit, based on the GAAP measurement criteria, for uncertain income tax positions if the result of a tax position meets a “more likely than not” recognition threshold. All tax returns remain subject to examination by federal and various state tax jurisdictions. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were no uncertain tax positions and the balance of unrecognized tax benefits was $0.
The Trust’s chief operating decision makers, which are comprised of its Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, assess and measure the operating results of the Trust’s portfolio of properties based on net operating income and do not differentiate properties by geography, market, size or type. Each of the Trust’s investment properties is considered a separate operating segment, as each property earns revenue and incurs expenses, operating results are individually reviewed and discrete financial information is available. However, the Trust’s properties are aggregated into one reportable segment because (i) the properties have similar economic characteristics, (ii) the Trust provides similar services to its tenants and (iii) the Trust’s chief operating decision makers evaluate the collective performance of its properties.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef